Auction PR Publicity Announcements News and Information
Auction PR Publicity Announcements News and Information

Christies to auction property from Mount Congreve, Kilmeaden, County Waterford, Ireland

Christie’s and Mealy’s of Kilkenny announce the two part sale of property from Mount Congreve, Kilmeaden, County Waterford, Ireland in summer 2012. Mount Congreve: The London Sale will comprise a carefully curated selection of approximately 120 lots of furniture, paintings, silver and Chinese and European porcelain from the collection which will be offered at Christie’s in London on 23 May, in association with Mealy’s. A larger range of works will be offered in Mount Congreve: The House Sale which will be staged in a marquee in the grounds of Mount Congreve on 10-11 July 2012, by Mealy’s in association with Christie’s. A separate press release for the House Sale will follow. The London Sale is expected to realise in excess of £2.5 million.

Internationally renowned as one of the greatest woodland gardens in the world, the house at Mount Congreve also contained one of the greatest unknown and unseen collections in Ireland. The magnificent array of decorative arts was formed concurrently with the garden.

Charles Cator, Deputy Chairman, Christie’s International: “Following Christie’s long tradition of offering the finest collections, the two part sale of property from Mount Congreve celebrates the legacy of collecting in the greatest country houses in England and Ireland. Continually evolving since the house was built circa 1760, and substantially added to and enhanced to great effect over the last 60 years, this collection highlights the importance of distinguished provenance, comprising works from many illustrious collections of great renown, from the Rothschild family in London and The Earls of Coventry at Croome Court to Studley Royal and Middleton Park, among many others. The breadth and depth of the works to be offered in both The London Sale and the in-situ House Sale is a testament to the discerning taste and connoisseurship exercised, ensuring that this collection has grown in size and beauty in tandem with its internationally acclaimed woodland gardens.”

Fonsie and George Mealy, Mealy’s of Kilkenny: “We have known this wonderful collection for many years and are honoured to be presenting it to a wider public in association with Christie’s. The gardens are so well known and they will be the perfect setting for The House Sale in July.”

Mount Congreve – which was originally called ‘Brauchaille’ meaning the edge of a cliff in Irish – stands majestically above the River Suir, not far from the city of Waterford in the south east corner of Ireland. The neo-classical house was built, circa 1760, by the leading local architect John Roberts for John Congreve, the son of a successful merchant, banker, politician and land developer.

Significant inspiration for both the garden and interior of Mount Congreve came from the connoisseur Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942), who created the revered gardens at Exbury on the Beaulieu River in Hampshire. His taste for ormolu-mounted French furniture of the highest quality was to be as great an influence on the collection at Mount Congreve as his taste in magnolias was on the gardens. Reflecting the quality and important provenance which underlines the beautiful works offered from Mount Congreve, some of the earliest acquisitions for the house were purchased from Lionel de Rothschild’s collection, sold at Christie’s in 1942. They include a pair of Louis XVI two-tone ormolu figural candelabra (estimate: £20,000-30,000 in The London Sale) and a magnificent large marquetry cylinder bureau with double Rothschild provenance (estimate: €20,000-30,000 in The House Sale).

A highlight among the French furniture is a pair of Louis XV ormolu-mounted marquetry encoignures by Joseph Baumhauer, circa 1755, which exhibit that maker’s characteristic synthesis of marquetry with sinuous mounts (estimate: £120,000-180,000). Prior to joining the Mount Congreve Collection they were housed in the Edwardian splendour of Prince’s Gate, Knightsbridge and part of the huge collection of the ‘Nitrate King’, George Lockett, who had made his fortune in the Chilean nitrate trade.

The superb breadth and depth of the furniture and works of art featured show that while a passion for French furniture was to be a constant theme during the formation of the Collection, full advantage was also taken of the treasures to be found in English country house dispersal sales after 1945. The continuous growth of the collection during a period of six decades also highlights the unusually long time frame during which the collection grew.
The famous 1948 auction of furniture from the Earl of Coventry’s magnificent Robert Adam mansion at Croome Court in Worcestershire provided one of the undoubted stars of the English group, the magnificent George II giltwood overmantel mirror by John Linnell, 1759 (estimate: £200,000-300,000). Over seven feet tall, this mirror ranks among the very best of English overmantels in its sinuous design and superb quality. It was accompanied
at Mount Congreve by two pairs of George II giltwood pier glasses from Studley Royal in Yorkshire, a house demolished in the late 1940s. These two pairs of pier glasses were bought for Mount Congreve at Christie’s in 1965. One has a straight and the other a serpentine apron; each has an estimate of £120,000-180,000.

A pair of large giltwood side tables designed by Robert Adam for the banker Robert Child’s London house in 1770 are an important later addition to the collection, having been sold by Child’s descendant in 1934 and finally acquired for Mount Congreve in 2004 (estimate: £200,000-300,000). Their superb scagliola tops are attributed to the London maker Johan Richter (1767-96), who worked alone in 1770 but was later more famous in partnership with Domenico Bartoli. Together the partners executed several of Robert Adam’s decorative schemes but these table tops, probably designed by Adam like their bases, are among the earliest likely links between either man or the architect.